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SAT写作人物素材:托马斯·杰斐逊

2018-03-28 10:51:18 来源:网络SAT资料下载

  新东方在线SAT频道为大家带来SAT写作人物素材:托马斯·杰斐逊一文,希望对大家SAT备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线SAT频道!

  In the thick of party conflict in 1800, Thomas Jefferson wrote in a private letter, "I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man."

  在1800年的党内冲突中,托马斯·杰斐逊在一封私人信件中写道:“我在上帝的圣坛上发誓,永远反对任何形式的对人类思想的暴政。”

  Freckled and sandy-haired, rather tall and awkward, Jefferson was eloquent as a correspondent, but he was no public speaker. In the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Continental Congress, he contributed his pen rather than his voice to the patriot cause. As the "silent member" of the Congress, Jefferson, at 33, drafted the Declaration of Independence. In years following he labored to make its words a reality in Virginia. Most notably, he wrote a bill establishing religious freedom, enacted in 1786.

  他长着雀斑,头发花白,个子又高又笨,像个记者一样口若悬河,但他不是演说家。在弗吉尼亚州的众议院和大陆会议上,他贡献了自己的笔,而不是他的声音。作为国会“沉默的成员”,杰斐逊33岁,起草了《独立宣言》。多年之后,他努力使自己的言论成为弗吉尼亚州的现实。最值得注意的是,他在1786年颁布了一项建立宗教自由的法案。

  Sharp political conflict developed, and two separate parties, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, began to form. Jefferson gradually assumed leadership of the Republicans, who sympathized with the revolutionary cause in France. Attacking Federalist policies, he opposed a strong centralized Government and championed the rights of states.

  激烈的政治冲突开始形成,两个独立的政党——联邦党人和民主党——共和党开始形成。杰斐逊逐渐成为共和党的领袖,他们同情法国的革命事业。他抨击联邦政府的政策,反对一个强大的中央集权政府,拥护国家的权利。

  As a reluctant candidate for President in 1796, Jefferson came within three votes of election. Through a flaw in the Constitution, he became Vice President, although an opponent of President Adams. In 1800 the defect caused a more serious problem. Republican electors, attempting to name both a President and a Vice President from their own party, cast a tie vote between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. The House of Representatives settled the tie. Hamilton, disliking both Jefferson and Burr, nevertheless urged Jefferson's election.

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