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SAT历史文献重点词汇:1848情感宣言

2018-04-10 15:11:00 来源:网络SAT资料下载

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  "The Declaration of Sentiments" (1848)

  impel

  urge or force to an action; constrain or motivate

  When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes that impel them to such a course.

  inalienable

  incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another

  We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.

  prudence

  discretion in practical affairs

  Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, accordingly, all experience has shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they were accustomed.

  sufferance

  patient endurance especially of pain or distress

  Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.

  usurpation

  entry to another's property without right or permission

  The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.

  compel

  force somebody to do something

  He has compelled her to submit to law in the formation of which she had no voice.

  degraded

  unrestrained by convention or morality

  He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men, both natives and foreigners.

  franchise

  a statutory right or privilege granted by a government

  Having deprived her of this first right as a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.

  impunity

  exemption from punishment or loss

  He has made her morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband.

  chastisement

  verbal punishment

  In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master—the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty and to administer chastisement.

  supposition

  a hypothesis that is taken for granted

  He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes and, in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardless of the happiness of the women—the law, in all cases, going upon a false supposition of the supremacy of man and giving all power into his hands.

  remuneration

  paying for goods or services or to recompense for losses

  He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration.

  facility

  a building or place that provides a particular service

  He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her.

  apostolic

  proceeding from or ordered by or subject to a pope or the papacy regarded as the successor of the Apostles

  He allows her in church, as well as state, but a subordinate position, claiming apostolic authority for her exclusion from the ministry, and, with some exceptions, from any public participation in the affairs of the church.

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