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SAT文法知识点盘点

2018-04-18 15:48:48 来源:网络SAT资料下载

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  Standard English conventions 标准英语用法

  Conventions of Punctuation: Observing standard punctuation practices, including:

  — End-of-sentence punctuation:句末标点(句号、问号或者感叹号)

  — Within-sentence punctuation:句内标点(冒号、分号和破折号)

  — Possessive nouns and pronouns:名词所有格和代词,区分单复数形式

  — Items in a series:词间标点(逗号和分号分割并列成分)

  — Nonrestrictive and parenthetical elements:非限定性成分和插入语

  — Unnecessary punctuation: 不必要标点

  Conventions of Usage: Observing standard usage practices, including:

  — Pronoun clarity:指代明确

  — Possessive determiners: 所有格限定词(区分物主代词和主谓结构)

  — Agreement: 一致性(主谓一致,人称一致,名词单复数一致)

  — Frequently confused words: 易混淆词汇(比如affect vs. effect)

  — Logical comparison: 逻辑比较

  — Conventional expression: 习惯用语

  Sentence Structure

  — Sentence boundaries: 句子边界(识别不完整句)

  — Subordination and coordination: 逻辑关联词

  — Parallel structure: 平行结构

  — Modifier placement: 修饰语位置

  — Inappropriate shifts in verb tense, mood, and voice:不合适的动词时态,语态,语气的变化

  — Inappropriate shifts in pronoun person and number:不合适的人称代词和数的变化

  铅笔 分割线

  Expression of ideas 观点的表达

  Development: 文章发展

  — Proposition: Adding, revising, or retaining (leaving unchanged) thesis statements, topic sentences, claims, and the like — the “main ideas” of a passage or paragraph

  建议类:增加,修改或保留论点句和主旨句

  — Support: Adding, revising, or retaining material that supports a passage’s points or claims 支持类:增加,修改或保留支持论点的信息

  — Focus: Adding, revising, retaining, or deleting material on the basis of relevance to the purpose (e.g., deleting an irrelevant sentence) 焦点类:增加,修改,保留或删除和目的相关的材料

  — Quantitative information: Using data from informational graphics (tables, graphs, charts, and the like) to enhance the accuracy, precision, and overall effectiveness of a passage 数据类信息:使用图表信息准确、精确、有效反映文章内容

  Organization:文章的组织结构

  — Logical sequence: Ensuring that material is presented in a passage in the most logical place and order 逻辑排序

  — Introductions, conclusions, and transitions: Improving the openings and closings of paragraphs and passages and the connections between and among information and ideas in a passage 引入句、总结句和过渡句

  Effective Language Use:有效的语言使用

  — Precision: Making word choice more exact or appropriate for the context 精确性

  — Concision: Making word choice more economical and eliminating wordiness and redundancy 简洁性

  — Style and tone: Making word choice consistent with the overall style and tone of a passage or accomplishing some particular rhetorical goal 风格和语气

  — Syntax: Combining sentences to improve the flow of language or to accomplish some particular rhetorical goal 句法结构(合并句子)

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