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SAT语法排序题解题步骤及知识点

2018-04-28 14:26:09 来源:网络SAT资料下载

  对于SAT考试中的排序题,具体的我们应该如何来解题。其中这类题型考察的语法知识点都有哪些?新东方在线SAT频道为大家汇总了这部分内容,让我们一起来学习一下。

  

  1. 先看句内有没有代词,代词要有指代对象; 句内有没有名词,名词是不是第一次出现;

  2. 如果没有指代,堪忧是不是存在逻辑关系( 因果,转折,递进);

  3. 再看段落句子的逻辑,时间顺序(儿童,学生,成人),或者事情发展的顺序( 进入→坐下→工作)

  4. 最后看文章的起承转合,段落内容有没有明显的观点变化.

  解题步骤

  读将要被插入的句子,寻找解题点.

  ‚判断解题点本身和文章内容应该存在的内部联系.

  ƒ通过题中的解题点和段落中句意的相关性获取正确答案.

  1.指代关系

  Eg1. Further, a petroleum⑧engineers skills’ are applicable to areas beyond oil exploration. Petroleum engineers also commonly work in pollution cleanup, underground waste disposal, and water resource management. [1] One must gain admittance into an engineering program, preferably in petroleum engineering, and then complete a rigorous course of study in mathematics, physics, geology, chemistry, and the principles of engineering analysis. [2] While some petroleum engineers primarily work in labs or ⑨offices, many have to spend long hours at well sites, which are often located in remote areas around the country. [3] These job prospects are indeed promising, but becoming a petroleum engineer is not easy. [4] Though the career is ⑩challenging, petroleum engineers work exciting jobs at the heart of the dynamic energy industry.

  To make the paragraph most logical, sentence 3 should be placed

  A) where it is now.

  B) before sentence 1.

  C) after sentence 1.

  D) after sentence 4.

  1.先观察句子,从these job prospects中可以看出,前面有提到很多job prospects,正好和句子【1】前面的work in pollution cleanup, underground waste disposal, and water resource management.构成指代关系的对应。

  2.带着线索读文章。从but后面的语义中可以得出,句子的后面会和not easy的内容相关.

  3.选择。B选项最合适,指代关系和逻辑关系都能对应.

  EG2.To make this paragraph most logical, Sentence 5 should be placed

  A) where it is now.

  B) after sentence 1.

  C) after sentence 2.

  D) after sentence 3.

  [1] Sophia‘s marriage to Leo gave her the opportunity to put her abilities as a good reader to use, often advising him on his work throughout the writing process. [2] She served as her husband‘s copyist (since this was before the advent of the typewriter), writing out multiple copies of his novels by hand.[3] She made suggestions for and edits to his work, many of which were ⑤ inculcated into the final product. [4] In addition, she served as his manager, publicist, and agent, keeping track of the financial and legal sides of her husband‘s writing career. [5] She juggled these many roles with grace and skill. [6] If Sophia were alive today, she might have found her calling at a publishing house or literary agency. A

  1.先观察句子,找突破点,可以发现这个句子可以通过指代关系去突破。She 指的就是Sophia,但是这个段落到处都是she,所以这个代词对我们解题没有帮助哦。 再看看these many roles, 重点出现啦。说明前面必然提到很多角色。

  2.带着线索读文章。在阅读中,我们会发现,文章提到的she served as her husband’s copyist, made suggestions, served as his mangers,都和these many roles构成指代关系的对应。

  3.选择,根据以上两点,我们就可以去对比选项选择答案啦。四个选项中A选项最合适,放在原处。

  指代关系是最容易也是最常考到的哦,所以拿到题目一定要试着去找线索,看看有没有指代。另外,除了将要被插入的句子的指代,也要学会从选项内部的指代去做排除哦。

  2.逻辑关系

  句子与句子之间的逻辑关系也是一个非常重要的突破点,这就需要我们学会找逻辑连接词,识别句子逻辑。这里我们要重点讲解的转折关系和递进关系。

  A.转折关系

  B.:but, however, yet,while, nevertheless.

  转折关系其实就是对比关系,前后是反向的,一般而言,会有很明显的反义词或者语义相反的地方。

  EG3.

  To make this paragraph most logical, sentence 2 should be placed

  A) where it is now.

  B) before sentence 1.

  C) after sentence 4.

  D) after sentence 5.

  One significant benefit of 3-D printing technology is its ability to create scale reproductions of fossils. [2] But now 3-D scale models can be rearranged with ease, which is a huge boon to scientists. [3] A team led by Drexel University professor Kenneth Lacovara is making models of dinosaur bones one-tenth the bones’

  original sizes 5 in order to learn how they fit together when the animals were alive. [4] In the past, such research was limited by the weight and bulk of the fossils as well as 6 its preciousness and fragility. [5] In many cases, scientists had to rearrange bones virtually, using artists’ renderings.

  1. 先观察句子,找突破点,这个but now 3-D scale models就是一个转折关系,是我们解题的重要突破点,现在可以with ease,说明前面有一个语义的对立点。

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