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SAT历史文献重点词汇:独立宣言

2018-04-09 15:10:16 来源:网络SAT资料下载

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  Declaration of Independence

  dissolve

  bring the association of to an end or cause to break up

  When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

  unalienable

  incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another

  We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.

  abolish

  do away with

  That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.

  transient

  lasting a very short time

  Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes

  usurpation

  wrongfully seizing and holding by force

  But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.

  sufferance

  patient endurance especially of pain or distress

  Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government.

  tyranny

  government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator

  The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States.

  assent

  agreement with a statement or proposal to do something

  He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

  relinquish

  part with a possession or right

  He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

  compliance

  the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another

  He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

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